Remaining in the Army after the war, he earned a B.A. degree in 1922 and then studied aeronautical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, from which he received both a Masters and Doctors degree in science. He took a leave of absence from the Army in the period before World War II, but returned to active duty when the war began.
He was awarded the Medal of Honor, and was promoted from Colonel to Brigadier General for leading the first carrier-based bomber attack on mainland Japan in 1942. His citation, presented personally by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, reads,in part: "With the apparent certainty of being forced to land in enemy territory or perish at sea, Colonel Doolittle personally led a squadron of Army bombers, manned by volunteer crews, in a highly destructive raid on the Japanese mainland."
General Doolittle died in California on September 27, 1993 and was buried in Section 7-A of Arlington National Cemetery, with his high school sweetheart, Josephine Daniels Doolittle (May 24, 1895-December 24, 1988).
James Harold Doolittle Nickname: Jimmy
Born - 12/14/1896 - Alameda, CA
Died - 9/27/1993 (age 96) - Pebble Beach, CA
Place of burial - Arlington National Cemetery
Years of Service 1917 - 1959
Twelfth Air Force, Fifteenth Air Force, Eighth Air Force
Medal of Honor
Distinguished Service Medal
Distinguished Flying Cross